On March 5, the Second Session of the 13th National People's Congress was opened in the Great Hall of the People. Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council, made a "Government Work Report" to the meeting on behalf of the State Council. Among them are favorable policies related to the tire industry.
1. Tax reduction and reduction
The report pointed out that in 2019, China will deepen the VAT reform, reducing the current 16% tax rate for manufacturing and other industries to 13%, and the current 10% tax rate for the transportation, construction and other industries will be 9%, ensuring major industry taxes. The negative is significantly reduced. Keep the tax rate of 6% and the first grade unchanged, but by adopting supporting measures such as increasing tax deductions for production and living service industries, ensure that the tax burden of all industries is only reduced, and continue to promote the tax rate to the third grade and two grades, and the tax system is simplified. Move in the direction. We will do a good job in implementing the inclusive tax cuts for small and micro enterprises that were introduced at the beginning of the year.
At the same time, reducing the burden of corporate social security contributions was also included in the "Government Work Report." The proportion of contributions paid by the basic endowment insurance units of urban employees will be reduced to 16%. To stabilize the current method of collection, local governments may not adopt the practice of increasing the actual payment burden of small and micro enterprises during the process of expropriation system reform, and may not voluntarily collect historical arrears. Continue to implement the phased reduction of unemployment and work injury insurance rate policy. This year, we must make a substantial decline in the social security contributions of enterprises, especially small and micro enterprises. Accelerate the provincial-level overall reform of endowment insurance, continue to improve the central adjustment ratio of basic endowment insurance funds for enterprise employees, and transfer some state-owned capital to enrich social security funds.
In addition, deepen the reform of power marketization, clear up the electricity price additional charges, and reduce the cost of manufacturing electricity. The average industrial and commercial electricity price will be reduced by 10%. The government work report mentioned that this year, the average tariff rate of SMEs will be reduced by 15%, and the average tariff of mobile network traffic will be reduced by more than 20%. The implementation of “portable number transfer” will be implemented in the country, and the package will be standardized to make the actual reduction and consumption. Clearly understand.
2. Relieve “funding difficulties, financing expensive”
The meeting pointed out that in 2019, efforts were made to alleviate the problem of difficult financing for corporate financing. Reform and improve the mechanism of money and credit, timely use the deposit reserve ratio, interest rate and other quantitative and price instruments to guide financial institutions to expand credit supply, reduce loan costs, accurately and effectively support the real economy, and not allow funds to be idling or detached. Increase the targeted reduction of small and medium-sized banks, and release all funds for private and small and micro enterprise loans. Support large commercial banks to replenish capital through multiple channels, enhance credit capacity, and encourage the increase of medium and long-term loans and credit loans in manufacturing. This year, large and micro-enterprise loans of state-owned large commercial banks will increase by more than 30%. Clean up and regulate the charges for banking and intermediary services. We will improve the internal assessment mechanism of financial institutions, encourage and strengthen inclusive financial services, and effectively improve the financing tensions of small and medium-sized enterprises, and the overall financing costs must be significantly reduced.
3. Optimize the development of the private economy and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries
The upgrading and upgrading of traditional industries has also become one of the priorities of the Chinese government in 2019. Focusing on promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, the Chinese government hopes to promote the integration of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries while accelerating the construction of manufacturing and strengthening countries while strengthening the industrial base and technological innovation capabilities. Therefore, we must work hard to optimize the development environment of the private economy. Adhere to the "two unwavering" to encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public economy. In accordance with the principle of competitive neutrality, we treat all types of ownership enterprises equally in terms of factor acquisition, access permit, operation and operation, government procurement, and bidding. We will build a new relationship between government and business, improve the communication mechanism between government and enterprises, stimulate entrepreneurship, and promote the development and upgrading of the private economy.